The history of Udaipur city dates back to the year 1568 when Udai Singh, the founder of Udaipur, shifted his capital from the Chittorgarh Fort to the newly founded city of Udaipur. After his death in 1572, Maharana Pratap became the ruler of Mewar and continued the resistance against the Mughals. In 1612, during the reign of Maharana Amar Singh, the Mughals finally succeeded in capturing the fort of Chittorgarh. Udaipur remained the capital of the Mewar kingdom until it was annexed by the British Raj in 1818.
The city grew steadily in wealth and importance, thanks to its successful agricultural production and because it was the only Rajput stronghold not to fall to the Marathas. After India’s independence in 1947, Udaipur became the part of the new Indian state of Rajasthan.